Can Parrots Eat Fennel? (Answered!)

I have a green-thumbed family friend who likes to bring me his gardening achievements, and last week he brought me fennel.

As I looked at it, wondering what on earth I should do with it, the thought came to mind, can I feed my parrot fennel?

After a quick search online, I found multiple benefits for fennel so let’s look at the answers.

The answer is yes! Fennel is a safe, non-toxic vegetable for parrots and can be served to them cooked or raw. Specifically, raw fennel gives parrots wonderful enrichment due to its crunchy texture. They can enjoy the stem and bulbs of the plant safely.

Are you wondering how fennel can benefit your parrot?

In this article, we will be looking into what fennel is, whether or not it is beneficial to a parrot’s diet,  how to prepare fennel, and even look into the medical benefits of fennel.

Let us answer all your questions in the below article about how fennel can help your parrots’ health and well-being and incorporate fennel into their routine.


What is fennel?

Fennel is classed as a vegetable and commonly used as a herb to flavor our food rather than eaten in large amounts.

It has celery-like stalks and a large bulb at the base.  

The whole vegetable is edible.

The fennel is part of the Apiaceae plant family, which is not always safe for parrots.

Ensure you identify the plant as fennel before offering it to your bird and use a plant that has the bulb part of it present.

Wild fennel, often seen as a weed along the roadside, has a similar aniseed scent but does not offer the bulbs’ benefits.


Is fennel beneficial to my parrot’s diet?

Fennel is highly beneficial to your parrot as it contains fiber, vitamins A and C, as well as magnesium and iron.

Let’s see what the nutritional benefits are for our parrots.


Fiber is an essential part of your bird’s diet. It helps the gut digest food and eases it along the gastrointestinal tract, which improves the digestibility of other nutrients required for optimal health.


Vitamin A

Vitamin A is highly beneficial for parrots as it affects every part of their body. Some parrots are prone to a vitamin A deficiency when only fed a seed-based diet highlighting the importance of a full and varied diet.

Vitamin A is necessary for a healthy immune system, brain development, skeletal development, and behavioral temperament.  


Vitamin C

Vitamin C is important for bones, connective tissues, muscles, blood vessels and helps absorb iron into the body and boost red cell production.

Vitamin C is produced in the liver and kidneys of parrots.

A stressed parrot will require increased levels of vitamin C.



Magnesium aids the absorption of calcium.

Without magnesium present in your bird’s diet, they can suffer issues with bones, beaks, feathers, nerve impulses, muscle coordination, brain neutrons, and even heart issues.



Iron is required to produce hemoglobin for blood to be able to carry oxygen around the body.

For parrots, it is vital to have a balance, and too little can cause deficiency, and too much can cause storage disease.


Can parrots eat fennel seeds?

Parrots love to eat fennel seeds, and yes, it is safe for them to eat.

It is advised to have in moderation but is on the non-toxic list of safe foods for your parrot.


Can parrots eat fresh fennel?

Yes, parrots can eat fresh fennel.

Due to its crunchy texture, they find it rather enjoyable.

Many parrot owners like to cut the bulb into smaller chunks for their parrots to make it easier for them to eat.

The whole plant can be eaten by your parrot, including the stalks.

It is advised, however, to give fennel im moderation due to iron storage disease.


How do I prepare fennel for my parrot?

You can give the whole fennel to your parrot but ensure it is organic and washed to prevent any pesticides that may harm your parrot.

Smaller parrots may find it tough to tackle one large vegetable, so here is a step-by-step guide to help you prepare the vegetable for your parrot.

Trim away the fennel stalks.

You may be able to pull them off, but if firmly attached, use a kitchen knife to remove them.

Save the fennel stalks as they can be used to hang from your bird’s aviary as a fun activity for your pet.

Cut the bulb of the fennel from side to side and trim away the bottom of the vegetable.

Remove any roots and cut straight through the bulb from top to bottom.

Half those quarters again to make eighths.

Peel away any layers that look wilted. If wilted, the texture of the layers will feel rubbery.

Peel away any rubbery textures to show fresh flesh for your parrot.

You can then trim your fennel bulb down again if you feel your parrot would benefit from smaller sections.

This tends to be a personal preference depending on the size of your parrot.


How do I cook fennel for my parrot?

If you want to cook the whole bulb of the fennel, it will take 20 minutes to boil or steam.

If you wish to cook wedges of fennel, it reduces the cooking time to 12 minutes.

Always ensure the fennel has cooled down before serving it to your parrot.

It is advised to allow cooked foods to cool for the same length as the cooking time before checking the temperature.

Do not serve hot food to your parrot.  


Can parrots eat fennel leaves?

The entire vegetable is safe for parrots to eat, including the leaves.

You can hang the leaves from your bird’s aviary to create a fun activity for your feathered friend and use the bulb separately to spread out their attention.


Are there any negative side effects of parrots eating fennel?

The dietary advice is to have fennel in moderation for your parrot’s diet.

This is due to the levels of iron found in the vegetable. Parrots can suffer from iron deficiency and iron storage disease.

Therefore as the caregiver providing a balanced diet is essential to their long-term health.


Does fennel have any medical benefits for my parrot?

It seems the answer to this is yes.

A study was done on wild parrots based in Australia, and evidence was found of wild birds self-medicating by eating fennel.

It helped them manage ileus.

Ileus is a paralysis of the gut, which means the gut is blocked or stopped working.

This can be critical for the parrot and can lead to other health concerns.

The wild birds searched for the fennel.

Although it may not be as beneficial as a medical intervention, it certainly helps due to the vegetables’ fiber to ease the gut’s gastrointestinal tract.

Wild Australian parrots are particularly susceptible to infections as well as infested with mites and lice.  

Fennel in the bird’s diet controlled bacterial, fungal, and viral infections as well as deterring the lice and mites.


Fennels are a savory, crunchy treat for your parrot and full of dietary benefits to help your parrot thrive.

The entire plant is safe for your parrot to eat, giving you the confidence of your pet’s total well-being.

All species of parrots can benefit from fennels in moderation and can be home-grown or sourced locally.

As well as being a healthy and enjoyable treat for your parrot, it can also give medical advantages to ensure your parrot is in tip-top health.  

If you are ever unsure, always contact a veterinary professional to seek advice before feeding something to your parrot.

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